Where it is, how it hurts and how to treat the pancreas
In this review article we will look at where the pancreas is and how it hurts, we will describe the main diseases of the pancreas, we will give recommendations on the use of medical products and the treatment of the pancreas at home with traditional means.
The pancreas performs the most important functions in the human body, functioning closely with the digestive organs, and the slightest failure in its work will entail negative changes in the harmonious process.
Doctors in ancient Greece considered the pancreas to be one of the most significant organs, called “pancreas”, which translates as “all of the meat”. And indeed, this body performs irreplaceable functions, the main of which are: regulation of energy metabolism and ensuring digestion. Digestion of proteins, fats and carbohydrates in the intestine is due to enzymes of the gland, and its hormones act as regulators in the blood glucose level.
Where is the pancreas located
The pancreas is located in the abdominal cavity (roughly the level of the first and second lumbar vertebrae). The organ is located behind the stomach and is closely adjacent to it and to the duodenum.
If you hold a projection on the side of the abdominal wall, its location is about 5-10 cm above the navel.
The gland's head is surrounded by the duodenum, which surrounds it in the shape of a horseshoe. Through the pancreas-duodenal arteries provides blood supply to the pancreas.
How does the pancreas hurt?
Often there are diseases of the pancreas such as pancreatitis, adenocarcinoma, stones in the excretory ducts, necrosis and diabetes.
About pancreatitis - inflammation of the pancreas, as well as its damage is signaled by the following symptoms:
- pain in the area under the ribs in the left side;
- increased sweating;
- high temperature;
- nausea, vomiting;
- yellowness of the skin and eye proteins;
- possible shock condition.
The pain during exacerbation of pancreatitis appears suddenly, is of acute shingles - spreads along the entire left side and may spread behind the back.Antispasmodics cannot relieve pain, some reduction is possible in a sitting position and in a tilt slightly forward. Sometimes the patient feels “bursting” from the inside, physically feels an increase in the gland and pressure in the area of the ribs, which interferes with proper breathing.
With increasing pain, the gag reflex becomes stronger. Attacks of vomiting may precede the appearance of pain. Often vomiting occurs in the morning either as a reaction to a meal, i.e., as a result of stomach cramps. After vomiting, which has a bitter or sour taste, relief comes for a while. Emetic urges can be both systematic and appear periods.
In the event of an acute attack of pancreatitis, you should immediately go to the hospital, where doctors will prescribe inpatient treatment. Without taking action, the disease will not pass.For prolonged attacks of vomiting, the stomach is cleaned with a probe and special enzymes are administered to eliminate the aggressiveness of the pancreas and stomach.
Treatment of the pancreas at home
When pancreatitis is in the exacerbation stage, full starvation is required for 24-46 hours.During this time, pancreatic juice production will be reduced to a minimum, reducing the load on the pancreas. A few days before the onset of exacerbation, a person loses his appetite. At this time, you need to drink non-carbonated mineral water, dogrose broth or baking soda solution.
Symptoms of acute pancreatitis include vomiting and abdominal pain, which continue for several days. The same symptoms can signal cholecystitis, appendicitis, intestinal obstruction or a stomach ulcer.To determine the correct diagnosis requires an immediate visit to the doctor. Acute pancreatitis is treated only in a hospital setting.
An effective and affordable method of treating the pancreas at home is to clean the organ and its vessels with a diet. In diseases of the pancreas, sweet foods are removed from the diet (only honey is allowed), fatty, fried and spicy foods, alcohol. It is necessary to refuse and smoking. In food, you must enter restrictions, you can not tolerate overeating. Useful porridge, especially buckwheat and oatmeal. Drinking is also important. Water needs to be consumed a lot, you can add some freshly squeezed lemon juice to your drinking water.
To cure the pain of the pancreas will help the following folk remedies.
It is used for pain and inflammation during an attack of pancreatitis. Soft tissue is moistened in clabber and placed a compress on the stomach in the stomach. It remains to attach the top of a plastic bag and wrap a woolen scarf or a scarf. The procedure is carried out for about six weeks.
A mixture of lemon and garlic
For the preparation of folk remedies you will need 1 kg of lemons, which are used with the peel, 300 grams of garlic and the same amount of parsley. All the ingredients are ground in a meat grinder. Lemons are preliminarily removed. The mixture is stored in a refrigerator in a glass container and taken three times a day for 1 tsp. a quarter of an hour before eating food.
To enhance the effect, to wash down the mixture is recommended a useful infusion. Prepare it as follows: take in equal proportions blueberry, lingonberry, strawberry leaves, corn silk, bean pods. One tablespoon of the resulting collection is poured into a thermos with one glass of boiling water and infused overnight. A glass of infusion is divided into three parts and drunk with garlic mixture. The treatment is carried out for three months.
Milk decoction of parsley
Rinse well with 800 grams of parsley, finely chop and pour boiling milk. For cooking broth use enamelware. Milk must completely cover the greens. Broth languishing over low heat, you can not allow boiling milk. This portion is enough for the day. Reception is carried out on 2 tablespoons every hour.
For the treatment of diseases of the pancreas are used groups of medical drugs.
Antispasmodic drugs are used: “Drotaverin”, “No-Spa”, “Baralgin”, “Papaverin”. In case of moderate pain, Iburofen or Acetaminophen will help. The use of analgesics ("Aspirin" or "Paracetamol") and antihistamines, such as "Dimedrol", "Platifillin", "Atropine" is permissible.
To reduce the production of enzymes, patients are prescribed "Contrycal", "Aprotinin". When an acute attack passes or if chronic pancreatitis is required, enzyme therapy will help normalize the digestive function. In this case, appoint: Mezim, Panzinorm, Pancreatin, Festal, Creon.Their use is contraindicated in allergies to pork protein, as this component is the basis. In childhood, such a reaction can provoke intestinal obstruction, then plant origin will come to the rescue: Somilaza, Unienzyme, Somilaza, they are based on papain or rice fungus.
Enzyme use occurs after a meal. The doctor prescribes the required dosage individually. In some cases, after a course of treatment, maintenance therapy is prescribed, which may be necessary throughout life. In case of a violation of the exocrine function, blood sugar level regulating agents are used - insulin preparations.
In diseases of the pancreas, one cannot resort to self-treatment, which can provoke diseases such as diabetes, necrosis, and blood infection.
To relieve pain and prevent irritation, medical products are used in the form of gels or suspensions. Their task is to neutralize hydrochloric acid ("Phosphalugel", "Almagel") or reduce its production ("Omez", "Proceptin", "Contralok", "Omeprazole", "Otsid", "Gastrozol").
The size of the pancreas
The pancreas among the organs producing enzymes is the second in size after the liver. Already from the fifth week of pregnancy begins its formation. The neonatal gland is 5 cm; by the year it reaches 7 cm, and in a 10-year-old child it is about 15 cm. The final dimensions of the pancreas are formed by the age of sixteen.
The widest part of the pancreas of an adult is the head: in width it reaches 5 cm, thickness is in the range of 1.5-3 cm. The body is the longest part of the body, 1.7-2.5 cm wide. The normal length for the tail - Up to 3.5 cm, and width - about 1.5 cm.
To identify pathologies in medicine, ultrasound is used, as a result of which the shape and size of the organ, indicating its condition, are determined. Other research methods are difficult because the pancreas is located quite deep.
The structure of a healthy organ is uniform. Minor changes in the size of the head, tail or body can be considered the norm in the case of excellent biochemistry blood test results.
Functions of the pancreas in the body
The pancreas consists of two types of tissue, each of which is responsible for its specific functions: endocrine and exocrine.
One of the most important roles of the pancreas in the body is the production of pancreatic juice, which consists of salts, water, enzymes (proenzymes).
The enzymes of the pancreas include:
- Trypsin and chymotrypsin (help digest protein);
- Amylase - splits carbohydrates;
- Lipase - completes the process of splitting fat, which were under the influence of bile from the gallbladder.
The composition of the pancreatic juice are trace elements - acid salts, which provide an alkaline reaction. This neutralizes the acid of the food coming from the stomach and helps absorb carbohydrates.
Secretion of pancreatic juice is in direct connection with food intake. This means that by consuming different foods, juice enzymes of different composition and volume are produced.
The release of hormones into the blood - glucagon and insulin is the secretory function of the pancreas.
- Insulin regulates carbohydrate and lipid (ie, fat) metabolism.It promotes the flow of glucose from the blood into the cells and tissues of the body. Due to this, there is a decrease in blood sugar. Violation in the production of insulin provokes the development of diabetes.
- Glucagon can be called an insulin antagonist, as it is designed to increase blood glucose levels. Alpha cells that produce glucagon help produce the substance lipocaine, which prevents the fatty degeneration of the liver.
- It also produces other essential hormones in the body, for example, ghrelin, which is responsible for appetite and stimulates the consumption of food.
Many disorders in the pancreas are easier to prevent than to cure. Avoiding bad habits (drinking and smoking) and healthy eating minimize the risk of organ disorders.
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