Where the bison lives

In ancient times, when people walked in animal skins and hunted and fished, almost the whole territory was covered with forests. Giant animals were found in them, including herbivorous bison - relatives of bison. The last Western European bison hunters killed in the XVIII century. in Germany. And only in two places - in the Western Caucasus and in the Belovezhskaya Forest, bison survived until the 20th century. Pushcha is one of the last “islands” of the once boundless European forests. Part of it currently belongs to Poland, the other - Belarus. Today, the forest is protected as a monument of the past - nowhere is there such ancient and such large forests. After the last wisent perished in the Forest, the scientists decided to restore the disappeared species; Fortunately, several animals survived in zoos. Where does bison live and how to save it from extinction?

 

A little story about bison - relatives of buffaloes

 

 

In 1923, the Bison Conservation International was created. But the Second World War prevented the work to restore the number of animals. In 1946Belovezhskaya Pushcha began to breed them in the Belarusian reserve, and two years later a bison nursery was organized in the Prioksko-Terrasny reserve. Hence the animals were sent to other reserves of the Soviet Union. Currently, bison live already in Poland (in the Beschchi National Park), as well as in Ukraine and Lithuania. But the largest population of bison is found in Belarus. A large number of bison there are also in the Caucasus Reserve. In addition to bison, there are many other animals in the Belovezhskaya Forest: moose, deer, lynx, wolf, beaver, as well as a wide variety of birds.

 

The Belarusian National Park Belovezhskaya Pushcha is located approximately 60 km west of Brest and 20 km from the nearest town of Kamyanets. Belovezhskaya Pushcha has no equal in Europe in the number of plant and animal species. There are more than 10 thousand species of various groups of animals, more than 900 species of vascular spore and seed plants, 260 species of mosses, more than 290 species of lichens and 570 species of fungi. Bison also live here and they like this habitat quite well. In 1992, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) included the Belovezhskaya Pushcha National Park on the World Heritage List of Mankind. Take care of the nature of the Lord.



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