What is the difference between an African elephant and an Indian elephant?

kurlatik
kurlatik
March 6, 2015
What is the difference between an African elephant and an Indian elephant?

The family of ivory includes three modern species, all the others are extinct. The first representative is the African elephant, which is also called the savannah. The second character - Indian or Asian, as it is more correct to call him.What is the difference between an African elephant and an Indian elephant? Let's see.

  • The first difference is definitely size. The males of "African" reach the height of three and a half meters at the withers. Females - up to three. The Asian representative is less. The average height of the male is three meters, the females two and a half.
  • The weight of the first representative of the elephant family is up to seven and a half tons. Indian weighs up to five tons.
  • On the proportions of the body. African elephant more long-legged. This property of the body structure causes its adaptation to eat branches and leaves. In the Indian proboscis way of nutrition, mainly herbal. This causes its “short-leggedness” in comparison with a more slender fellow.
  • The structure of the trunk.These same reasons and cause a difference in the trunk structure of elephants. In the African - the end of this part of the body consists of two finger-shaped processes, and in the Indian - of one.
  • The ears of an African giant look vast. In Indian - a little pointed and lowered.
  • The presence of a small hair layer in Asian elephants is also different.
  • About the tusks. In Indian, they are much smaller. Sometimes it is even the erroneous opinion that many representatives are absent. On closer examination: they are, only hidden by wrinkles of the skin.

As you can see, there are quite a few differences. Now you know how the African elephant differs from the Indian elephant.



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