What are the ways to correct nasal disease?
Pelvic furrows are a fairly common defect due to unavoidable age-related changes and greatly damaging the appearance. But the achievements of modern aesthetic medicine allow this deficiency to be eliminated or made almost imperceptible.
What is this defect, why does it occur?
The nasolacrimal groove is a defect, which is a rather pronounced fold, located just below the orbital bone edge of the lower eyelid. It has a length of about 1-2 centimeters, starts at the inner corner of the eye and ends at about an external angle. The lack of looks like a certain border of the infraorbital zone and greatly affects the appearance.
The appearance of nasal fissures is almost inevitable and is due to physiological age-related changes, as well as some features of this area of the face. So, in this area is the so-called septum - a dense partition, the upper edge of which is attached to the bones of the skull.This element ensures the union of the skin with the muscle tissues located around the orbit.
In young people, the furrow does not stand out and remains unnoticeable, which is explained by the elasticity and full hydration of the tissues. With age, the septa ligaments undergo stretching, weakening and elongation. As a result, retraction zones are formed in the areas of reliable fastening, and in the places of lesser fixation, bulge and sagging are observed.
Nasolacrimal grooves appear due to the influence of such physiological and age-related changes of factors as tissue ptosis caused by gravity (dropping under its own weight), smoothing and reducing the density of bone structures and thinning the layer of subcutaneous tissue (in this area it is thin).
The expression of the furrows may vary, as it depends on some features of the structure of the face and hereditary predisposition. And the following factors can speed up the process of formation and exacerbate the situation:
- Malnutrition: poor diet, abuse of flour, fat, salty, convenience foods and fast food.
- Sharp fluctuations in weight, especially rapid weight loss. Since the layer of fatty tissues lies in the region of the nasopharyngeal furrows, the defect can become more pronounced when they are deficient.
- Some diseases of the endocrine system or malfunction in its functioning.
- Some bad habits: smoking, immense consumption of alcoholic beverages.
- Unhealthy lifestyle: frequent overwork and stress, failure to comply with the regime, lack of sleep.
- Certain chronic diseases of the cardiovascular system, kidneys, liver.
Correction of the nasolacrimal sulcus can be carried out by different methods. All the modern methods used can be divided into injection, surgical and apparatus. Each category has separate varieties with its own advantages and disadvantages, so all groups should be considered separately and in detail.
There are several injection methods for correcting nasolacrimal sulci:
- Contour or filler is one of the most popular ways. Furrows are filled with so-called fillers - special gel-like consistents based on hyaluronic acid.This substance is injected into tissues, helps to retain moisture, and also stimulates the production of elastin and collagen responsible for elasticity. As a result, the zone is tightened, and the grooves become less pronounced. Injections are carried out with special thin cannula needles, which ensure the introduction to the desired depth and an even distribution of fillers. Preparations (“Yuviderm,“ Restyline ”and others) are administered dotted and in small doses in accordance with the marking laid out in advance on the zone. Before the procedure, a specialist can offer local anesthesia. The entire session lasts about fifteen to twenty minutes. During the week, edema may persist under the eyes, which passes on its own. The final results are evaluated after a couple of weeks, the effect lasts for a period of six months to a year, depending on the individual characteristics. The procedure has contraindications, which include diabetes and some other endocrine, autoimmune and systemic diseases, lactation and pregnancy, reduced blood clotting, cancer, dermatological diseases with lesions in the area of injections, as well as a tendency to the appearance of scars.
- Mesotherapy is the administration of drugs under the skin.Since the components penetrate only into the upper layers and practically do not reach adipose and muscle tissue, the effect will be minimal and will not last long. Contraindications are almost the same as for the filling.
- Lipofilling Such a procedure is similar to the filling described above, but differs from it in that fatty tissues taken from donor sites from the same person are used to fill the grooves. On the one hand, own cells minimize the consequences in the form of rejection or inflammation. But, on the other hand, fatty tissue can be distributed unevenly, change the structure. In addition, its volumes are not constant and strongly depend on the total body weight: with a decrease in weight, almost all the fat injected can burn out. As a result, the effect achieved after the procedure may disappear. Contraindications are almost identical to those applicable to the filling procedure.
For correction, modern cosmetic hardware methods are also used.
- RF-lifting or thermal treatment involves exposure to problem areas of radio-frequency waves. Impulses penetrating into the tissue heat them, accelerate blood circulation and significantly improve the blood supply to the area, which allows the synthesis of elastin and collagen to be launched.
- Ultrasound therapy.Ultrasonic waves also penetrate into fairly deep layers of tissues and stimulate the production in the tissues of substances that provide youth and elasticity.
It should be noted that hardware correction methods will not allow to achieve obvious results, so they are often used in combination with other methods or after injection procedures for a more even distribution of the components and their deep penetration.
Surgical correction is most effective because it allows you to change the structure of the nasolacrimal sulci. The effect lasts for a long period, which can reach five to eight years. But the operation is associated with certain risks.
- First, it will require difficult and long-term rehabilitation.
- Secondly, the final results can be assessed only after the elimination of puffiness, namely after a few weeks.
- Third, there are likely consequences, such as visible scars, asymmetry of nasolacrimal fissures, infection of tissues and even infection of blood.
- Fourth, surgical correction has numerous contraindications, so it is desirable to undergo an examination before it.
How to do the operation? The first option is blepharoplasty, which involves the excision of excess fat tissue or skin areas. Also, subcutaneous fatty tissue can be removed from one area and move to another. The second option is a face lift. But such an operation affects not only the nasolacrimal grooves, but also other parts, so it is recommended for obvious age-related changes and defects.
If you notice pronounced nasolacrimal sulcus, you should not despair and put up with the situation, because there are many methods of correction. Weigh the pros and cons and choose the most appropriate way.
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