Ulcers on the skin: causes and treatment

An ulcer is a defect in the mucous membrane or skin resulting from the destruction of surface tissues. Causes of damage include changes in blood flow in the microvasculature and reduced regeneration processes. This condition may be a local manifestation of a common disease.

Causes


Ulcers can complicate the course of a large list of diseases, starting from circulatory system diseases and ending with metabolic disorders. In particular, disorders of the venous circulation are associated with thrombophlebitis, arteriovenous fistulas and varicose veins. Violations of the arterial circulation cause thrombosis, persistent vascular spasm and embolism. Changes in the function of lymphatic drainage are characteristic of diabetes mellitus, anemia, scurvy, and blood diseases. Skin ulcers can provoke malignant and benign tumors, injuries of different origin, neutrophic disorders and changes in the walls of blood vessels - atherosclerosis, syphilitic aortitis, Raynaud's disease, obliterating endarteritis.

Treatment


The healing process may require complex treatment and sufficiently prolonged therapy. If the ulcer is a local manifestation of a disease, you can not hope for a quick result, because you need to influence all parts of the pathological process. First of all, careful skin care, bed rest, immobilization of the diseased limb and physiotherapeutic measures, such as solux or ultraviolet radiation, are required.
At the initial stage of the disease, frequent dressing with hypertonic solutions is shown. Proteolytic enzymes are used to release purulent contents. The cleared surface of the ulcer is fixed with dressings with antiseptics, antibiotics in the form of powders and ointments. Great importance is attached to general therapeutic measures that contribute to the improvement of immunobiological and reparative processes in the body.
The decision on surgical intervention is made when conservative methods of treatment do not allow to achieve a positive result. At the same time, in the place of lesion of the skin, the altered tissues and pathological scars are removed, and the resulting defect is covered with a skin graft.As compresses and solutions for washing the wound, folk medicine is also widely used: freshly squeezed juice of potatoes or cabbage, wild strawberries, juice of lilac leaves, etc. Ointments based on arnica, pelargonium (room geranium) and comfrey have a good anti-inflammatory and wound-healing effect.


Related news


13 things you definitely shouldn’t do with your eyebrows
What can you give a girl for the New Year 2019
Fried potatoes without butter
Books that are perfect for reading in the subway
What is the useful use of the plant?
Fluorescent light
What to wear in spring 2017 10 unexpected ideas from the London Fashion Week