Protection of the Most Holy Theotokos in 2016 - how many celebrate the holiday Protection of the Mother of God? The history and significance of the Orthodox holiday, prayers and signs for the Protection of the Day

The Pokrov of the Most Holy Theotokos in 2016, as always, is celebrated on October 14 in the new style and on October 1 in the old calendar. This holiday is considered a great church, although it is not included in the number of the Great Orthodox feasts. The full name of the holiday is the Intercession of the Most Holy Theotokos and Ever-Virgin Mary, but its name is popularly called Pokrov Day.

In fact, the Protection of the Mother of God (this is another name of the holiday) is a very interesting holiday, which is associated with the ancient legend of the appearance of Our Lady to people, as well as folk beliefs, omens, prayers and divinations. There are many temples and icons dedicated to the Protection of the Most Holy Theotokos.

The Pokrov of the Most Holy Theotokos - the history of the holiday

The history of the Intercession of the Day dates back to the distant X century, or more precisely, to the year 910, when the Old Russian state had not yet adopted the Christian faith. According to legend, the event, to which the feast of the Protection of the Mother of God is dedicated, took place in the city of Constantinople, namely, in the Vlacherna church, where, according to legend, the robe of the Most Holy Mother of God was kept.

At this time, according to legends, the Saracen armies of the Arab tribes approached the Constantinople lands. The locals prayed earnestly for salvation from the threat of the enemy. At the same time, Blessed Andrew was on Blachernae, accompanied by a disciple of Epiphanius.

Once, while praying for salvation from enemies, St. Andrew saw the Most Holy Mother of God, who was walking through the air and was surrounded by angels and saints. The Mother of God knelt and began to pray with people for the salvation of the Church of Blachernae and the whole of Constantinople. She prayed and stretched over the people an omophorion (or veil) that stretched over the pilgrims.

Blessed Andrew looked at it with admiration and, refusing to believe his eyes, asked Epiphanius who was praying nearby: “Do you see the Queen and Mistress who is praying for the whole world?” Epiphanius answered Andrew: “I see, Holy Father, and I am terrified.”

According to the legend, under the cover of the Most Holy Theotokos, the inhabitants became invisible to the enemies, which made the Saracens lift the siege and leave the city.

Cover Day - the story of a holiday in popular belief

The idea of ​​the people about the origin of the feast of the Protection of the Mother of God varies greatly with the version of the Orthodox Church. Folk legend tells of a wandering Virgin, which was denied overnight stay in one of the settlements. For this, the prophet Elijah became angry with the locals and sent heavy rain, hail, thunder and lightning to them. Grieving, the Mother of God revealed her omophorion (cover) over people and saved them from the elements. According to the belief, after that the locals became kind-hearted and hospitable.

Prayer on the Intercession of the Holy Virgin

On the Pokrov Day, they traditionally attend church and ask for the blessing of the Mother of God, put candles on her icons and pray, praising the kindness and compassion of the Most Holy Mother of God.

On the cover of the day, prayers will appeal to the Mother of God and to her glory. Below is one of the most famous prayers to the Virgin. But you can turn to the Mother of God in your own words, coming from the very heart.

“Virgin Mary, filled with the grace of God, rejoice! The Lord is with thee; blessed art thou among women and blessed is the fruit that you born because you bore the savior of our souls. ”

This small prayer to the glory of the Most Holy Theotokos was created on the basis of the greeting of the Archangel Gabriel to the Mother of God during the Annunciation. Everyone knows “Ave, Maria” - the same prayer, only in Latin.

National signs on the Protection of the Mother of God

People paint the feast of the Blessed Virgin Mary in accordance with their ideas. The cover is often associated with a snow cover. People signs say: “What the Pokrov will be like, such a winter will come out.”

There are other people's signs associated with the Veil:

From where on the cover of the day the wind blows, from there the winter will begin.
If the cranes fly away on Pokrov - wait for the fierce winter.
If the squirrel before Pokrova changed wool completely, then the winter will turn out to be good.

The fact is that the Pokrov day has a boundary location between autumn and winter, therefore it is often associated with the completion of agricultural work and preparation for winter. For example, there were round dances in the summer and gatherings in the winter. In the summer, we drove in a cart, and in winter, in a sleigh.On Pokrov horses were taken to a stall and left them there until the very day of Egorov. By the Protection of the Mother of God it is necessary to prepare the house for frost, otherwise it will have to freeze throughout the winter.

Also in the cover of the day, a bucket without a bottom clung to the gate so that the cows brought more litter in the spring. They put the children on the doorstep and poured water over them through a sieve to temper their health by the winter. They made deals and agreed, as the deal on Pokrov is sure to complete successfully. Older people burn your old shoes on Pokrov day to get rid of the pain in the legs.

The feast of the Protection of the Most Holy Theotokos never did without songs and dances, fairs, rich feasts with cakes and pancakes.

The Pokrov of the Blessed Virgin Mary is the patron of weddings

Folk omens also said how much snow will fall on Pokrov, so many weddings will play back next year. After all, the veil is associated with the main decoration of the bride - a white veil. Said: "The Pokrov will come and the girl will cover her head."

The unmarried people trusted in the power of the Intercession of the Day and asked the Virgin on this holiday about the bridegroom.



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