Signs of heart failure

For some reason, many believe that heart failure is almost a cardiac arrest, in fact, this term refers to the state of the body, in which the heart muscle is not able to perform its functions in full.

In fact, you can live with this ailment for many years, true, provided that certain recommendations are adhered to, which usually in this case appoints a specialist.

Unfortunately, heart failure is exactly the disease that an increasing number of people face every year, and it is the cause of the largest number of hospitalizations and even deaths of people under 65 years of age.

Main symptoms

What is it and what are the main symptoms of heart failure? In general, this problem is faced by older people, since they have more common diseases that provoke it.

According to medical reference books, heart failure is a weakening of the work of the heart muscle,in which it is not able to pump the required amount of blood through the body, and, therefore, decreases the level of incoming oxygen and nutrients necessary for its normal functioning.

Depending on which part of the heart loses the ability to cope with its functions, the symptoms may differ, however, in general, they are still similar, moreover, when there are irregularities in one part of the heart, it is likely that the second over time, will fail.

For example, in a patient with left ventricular failure, there is a stagnation of blood in the small circulation circuit, and this results in the appearance of shortness of breath (in severe cases, it can even occur in a state of rest).

Cyanosis can also be observed, in which the limbs, which are as far from the heart as possible: the fingers and toes, as well as the lips, become swollen with time, and swell with time. When insufficiency of the right ventricle, to a greater extent, there is stagnation in the great circulation, as evidenced by swelling of limbs, as well as pain in the right hypochondrium. A common symptom of the disease is fast fatigue of the body, bouts of weakness and fatigue, as well as a decrease in the body's ability to withstand stress.

Kinds

There are two main types depending on the speed of the process:

  • Acute - develops extremely quickly (sometimes in just a few minutes), expressed as cardiac asthma, cardiogenic shock, or pulmonary edema. The main causes of acute failure are previous myocardial infarction, failure of the left ventricle, or mitral insufficiency, and sometimes aortic valve.
  • Chronic failure - formed over several months, and sometimes years. The causes may be comorbidities: hypertension, congenital heart defects, prolonged anemia, and others. In fact, this type is the most common consequence of various malfunctions of the cardiovascular system.

There are other types of heart failure, for example, depending on the location of the lesion (left ventricular or right ventricular, mixed), and depending on its origin.

How to cope with the disease?

What to do if such an unpleasant disease caught up with you or some of your loved ones? To date, experts offer a range of measures and toolswhich allow not only to strengthen the heart muscle of a person, but also to strengthen his physical abilities and, having such a frightening diagnosis, to live a full and long life.

Of course, it is almost impossible to get rid of heart failure completely, however, it is quite realistic to significantly reduce the symptoms. Treatment consists of three main areas: first, correcting the cause, which caused the occurrence of failure. Secondly, it is a fight against factors that can aggravate it and worsen the general condition of a person, and, thirdly, the treatment of the ailment itself.

As we have said, there are many reasons that could affect the formation of heart failure, but many of them are quite realistic to fight.

For example, it is possible to correct a narrowed heart valve, eliminate blockage of blood vessels, or correct heart rhythm disorders. Naturally, in each individual case a certain type of treatment is selected, which can be both medication and surgery, in any case, this should be done by a good specialist.

The next point is the elimination of aggravating factors, in fact, these are measures that are at the same time a real prevention of the onset of heart failure. For example, getting rid of the bad habit of smoking and excessive alcohol intake, this also includes excess weight, which can also lead to this disease.

Therefore, sports and a healthy lifestyle are the best helpers for all those who do not want to face insufficiency in the near future.

Naturally, already with its presence, before choosing a certain type of physical activity, it is necessary to consult a doctor. Another point is the abuse of salt, which leads to fluid retention in the body and greatly interferes with normal treatment.

Treatment of heart failure itself may vary depending on its type, as well as the general condition of the patient. For example, with strong puffiness and constant fluid retention, diuretics are mainly prescribed, which contribute to the excretion of water and salt through the kidneys.

There are also certain drugs that improve the strength of the heartbeat,they slow down too fast, correct irregularities in the rhythm, and also relax blood vessels, as a result of which the total load on the heart is reduced.

There are also drugs that allow you to fight with poorly contracting chambers of the heart, in places where blood clots often form. Anyway, any treatment should be prescribed by a qualified specialist who, depending on the history of the disease, can provide the patient with the most effective methods of dealing with the disease.

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