Phlox - luxurious flowers for the garden
If you, while walking somewhere in the city, noticed bright flowers that adorn the windows of houses and the territory of street cafes, then you should know that these are phloxes. They gained great popularity in our country. All thanks to the great diversity of species, colors and relatively simple care. In addition, these flowers have a very strong and pleasant aroma.
In total, there are about 85 species of phloxes, of which about 40 species are used in gardening. The stems of these flowers can be creeping, ascending and erect. Their height ranges from 10 to 150 cm.
Phlox gather in complex inflorescences, in which the number of flowers can reach 90 pieces. The colors of these plants amaze any imagination. Therefore, using only phlox, but different types, you can create a flower bed of incredible beauty with your own hands. In addition, these flowers have another very big advantage. Many types of phlox are resistant to cold and tolerate winter well.
How to choose a place for planting?
Phlox are perennial flowers.There are among them one-year-old species, but they are not so popular. If you want your flower bed to please you not a year, you need to choose the right place for planting these flowers.
First of all, you need to decide on the types of phlox that you want to see in your garden. The photos of colors and their description can be found in this you can find on the Internet. So you can roughly imagine what your flowerbed will look like when the phloxes bloom. In addition, it will help create for each individual plant species the necessary growth conditions.
Rules for choosing the best place
- Phloxes do not like drafts. Therefore, the bed should be in the most protected from the wind place. Despite the frost resistance of flowers, in winter they must be wrapped with snow, and this is impossible in a constantly blown place.
- It is best to grow phlox in the garden under fruit trees, as they love penumbra. It protects flowers from burning out. However, there are species that feel great in the sun, but at the same time their flowering period is slightly reduced.
- Should provide a flower bed regular watering.If this is not possible, phlox should be planted in the more humid part of the garden.
How to prepare the soil?
The beauty of the flower bed depends on the foundation you laid from the very beginning. In order for phloxes to thrive and not require extra care, you need to properly prepare the soil.
You should know that these plants have small roots. They are located in the upper arable layer of the earth. Therefore, you need to take care in advance that in this soil was all that is necessary for good growth of phlox. Even in the fall, before digging up the ground, you need to add fertilizer to it: 2 buckets of humus, 1 cup of mineral fertilizers and 1 cup of ash per 1 m². If the earth is clay, then you need to add sand to it, and, conversely, a little clay should be added to the sandy soil. This will allow her to retain moisture better.
In addition, during planting flowers should ensure that there is no stagnant water in the soil. Otherwise, the roots will start to rot. If the flower bed is in a low place, then you need to raise it higher, pouring more land. Phlox can be planted in early May or early September.
How to multiply?
These plants can be propagated by seeds, roots and cuttings. It all depends on the specific type of phlox.
- Reproduction by seeds.
This method of reproduction is suitable only for annual phloxes, since perennial species do not form seeds.
First of all, it is necessary to grow seedlings from seed, which is planted in the soil. The best time to plant phlox is the end of March. Seeds should be put on the ground without burying them. If the seeds go deep into the ground, they will not germinate. After that, they need to cover the film. Watering should be done daily. After the appearance of the first leaves you need to pour a little earth. Seedlings can be planted in the ground in early May.
- Reproduction by roots.
The roots can be divided only in adults phlox, which have been growing for 3-5 years. For this plant you need to dig up without damaging the roots, and shake off the ground from them. Then it is necessary to divide the roots into several parts with a sharp instrument. At the same time, the stems should be cut, leaving only the processes, 10 cm high. Then the phlox should be immediately transplanted into the ground, so that the roots do not have time to dry out.
- Propagation by cuttings.
In order to propagate phloxes in such a way, it is necessary to cut off the cutting from the adult plant, on which two internodes are to remain. The cut must be done directly under the lower node, and the top of the stem is cut off 2-3 cm above the second node. From the cutting should remove most of the leaves, leaving only a couple of pieces. It can be planted directly into the ground or in a box for seedlings. Water the cutting should be 2-3 times a day, while it should not be under direct sunlight. After 2-3 weeks you will see the result of your work.
How to water and feed?
These flowers do not like when water falls on the leaves and inflorescences. Therefore, they need to be watered at the root. It is best to do this in the evening. It is necessary to avoid stagnation of water. Therefore, it is necessary to regularly loosen the soil. In extreme heat, it is allowed to slightly spray the whole plant with water.
It is necessary to feed phlox 3 times per season: in the period of growth, flowering and seed formation. For the first time it is better to use dry fertilizer, in the form of 1 bucket of humus and 2-3 tablespoons of urea, which must be mixed and sprinkled 2-3 bushes. The second feeding consists of 2 tablespoons of nitrophoska, 1 tablespoon of "Agricola for flowering plants", diluted in 10 liters of water.For the third feeding, add 1 tablespoon of superphosphate and potassium sulfate to 10 liters of water.
How to prepare for the winter?
In order for all the nutrients accumulated by phlox during the summer to go to the root, it is necessary to prune the stems immediately after the plant has flowered. This should be done at the end of September or October. You can completely cut the shrub to the roots or leave 10 cm of the stems. After that, the ground around the plant should be treated with insecticides and fungicides in order to destroy all diseases. Then the roots should be covered with horse manure or other organic matter. This will prevent soil freezing.
The most common disease of phlox is powdery mildew. It affects the leaves and stems, because of what they become covered with white bloom and begin to dry out. The cause of this disease may be too cold water. In order to get rid of the powdery mildew, phloxes should be treated with the drug "Topaz" or "Calloid sulfur". The same can be done to prevent this disease in the period of bud formation.
As you can see, the cultivation of phlox does not require much effort.These flowers will long please your eye and smell. With them, your flowerbed will always be very bright and beautiful.
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