Pansies or viola can be annuals or perennials that will beautifully decorate any flowerbed, garden or flower gardener. They are quite unpretentious in the care and get along well with other plants. Some types of viola are considered hybrids of tricolor violets, they grow in the same neat little bush and have many colorful shades. If you decide to acquire such beautiful flowers, our advice will be just the way.
Pansies, like all garden plants in need of care. For their landing, use loose fertile soil, where there is good drainage, which prevents the stagnation of water. They love light, but they will also grow beautifully in slightly shaded places.
In the winter they need to be mulched, it is best to do this with coniferous branches, sawdust or leaves, since they are afraid of frost. And if the winter is without snow, the undisguised flowers will die.If the winters in your area are severe enough, then it is better for the viol to dig up and transplant to the greenhouse for the winter. In order for the bushes to grow well and luxuriantly bloom, you need to regularly apply fertilizers to the soil: nitrogen, potassium, magnesium.
Fertilizer should be applied carefully, the first time fertilizing should be done during budding. If this is done earlier, then the bush can actively grow, the stems and leaves will grow well, and it will not be possible to bloom. Therefore, the soil begins to fertilize after the first appearance of the inflorescences, and then every two or three weeks. Also, for better flowering, faded pansies should be removed. The plant is quite moisture-loving, so you need to regularly watering at the root.
Pansies: growing seedlings and planting
Pansies often reproduce themselves by self-seeding. They can also be grown with seed or seedlings. To save the species, cutting is sometimes used. For this use biennial plants. It is necessary to cut off the top, on which there are 2-3 leaves, it is good to spray with water and land in a slightly shaded place. After that, for 3-4 weeks, the flowers are well watered, sprayed and spud. After that they can be seated.
Please note: flowers are very well pollinated from each other, while they lose their color features, flower size, bushes become much smaller. This should be taken into account if you have planted several types of viola on your plot.
Usually, the seeds of the viola are sown in late June or early July. After germination, they dive and planted in a permanent place in the late summer. Then next year you will have flowering bushes. Usually these flowers bloom quite early.
If you want Viola to delight you this year, then you need to prepare the seedlings. To do this, we sow seeds in drainage tanks at the beginning of spring, before this the soil should be watered with a weak solution of potassium permanganate for disinfection. Then we spread the seeds moistened with water on the ground, cover it with polyethylene on top and remove it in a darkened place until sprouts appear. After that we take out in the sun and watch the humidity of the ground. Then the viola can be dived and landed separately. When warmer, we begin to make seedlings on the street. In early May, seedlings need to be planted in open ground. Within 30-40 days you will have the first flowering bushes
Diseases and pests
Most often pansies are attacked by various pests: worms, aphids, ticks. They not only damage the plant, but can lead to its death. Aphids and worm can be seen immediately. You can also determine the presence of pests by a sticky coating on the leaves and stems of the flower. To combat them, you can use folk remedies: a decoction of nettle, soap solution, blue vitriol, tincture of garlic, a solution of ammonia and detergent. Also, such drugs as Aktofit and other insecticidal solutions are of great help.
If you notice that the leaves of the viola have become, turn yellow, curl and fall off, or root and stem rot have appeared, most likely the plant is affected by a fungal disease. Fight it right away, otherwise the plant will die and infect other flowers. A good prevention of such diseases is the annual transplantation of plants to a new location. It is better to destroy the infected flowers.
As you have already noticed, taking care of pansies will not require any special efforts or time expenditures from you. But these colorful flowers will delight you the whole summer. They look great on their own and harmonize perfectly invarious flower arrangements with other plants. And with proper care, they will decorate your flower bed or garden for more than one year.
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