How to treat the disease keratosis?
The skin is almost always in sight, so that any changes will be immediately noticed. Skin diseases are often not so dangerous, but they cause discomfort and spoil the appearance. These diseases include, for example, keratosis. And how to deal with such a problem?
What is this disease?
In fact, keratosis is not so much a separate disease as a skin condition in which the cells of the epidermis grow coarse and corneal, forming a dense layer.
This phenomenon is often caused by other pathological conditions or diseases, so it is important to find out the cause and eliminate it in order to get rid of the problem. Most often affected areas of the skin located on the elbows, knees, soles of the feet, hands, as well as in areas of increased hair growth.
Types of keratosis
To begin with, we list the main types of keratosis. There are several classifications. Thus, according to etiology, three types are classified:
- Hereditary (that is, congenital) keratosis, signs of which manifest in children in early childhood or even at birth.Fortunately, this disease is not as common.
- Essential (acquired) keratosis occurs in adulthood (and sometimes in adolescence). The reasons have not yet been identified.
- Symptomatic keratosis develops under the influence of negative environmental factors, or as a symptom of some underlying disease.
In the affected area, there are only two forms:
- Localized form. In this case, some small areas of the body are affected.
- Diffuse form. The affected are large areas of skin, sometimes the entire body is affected.
Also for the basis of the classification take manifestations. There are several types:
- Follicular keratosis occurs due to blockage of the base of hair growth by the separated dead cells of the skin. As a result, some traffic jams are formed. In fact, they do not bother a person, but in some cases can become inflamed.
- Seborrheic keratosis develops as a result of the keratinization of certain skin areas. As a rule, this disease develops in the elderly.
- Actinic keratosis occurs due to prolonged exposure of the skin to sunlight or ultraviolet radiation in a tanning bed.
Symptoms of keratosis can be different, as they depend on the specific type of disease. Here are some possible:
- In follicular keratosis, tubercles are formed on the skin surface near the hairs. In color, they may coincide with a skin tint or be lighter than it, and in some cases dark bumps or pinkish appear. As a rule, such peculiar rashes do not cause any discomfort, but in some circumstances they can become inflamed, redden or grow in size.
- Seborrheic keratosis looks like areas of compaction of skin beige, light brown or almost black. To the touch they are slightly convex, hard and coarse. There is no discomfort either, but such manifestations are unpleasant from an aesthetic point of view.
- In actinic keratosis, delineated patches of small size appear with a dry surface resembling sandpaper. On such stains you can find scales, after removal of which the skin is damaged, and blood appears.
- Sometimes the foci expand and merge into larger ones, forming entire surfaces.
- There may be unpleasant and painful sensations: itching, tightness,burning.
Why does keratosis occur?
The causes of this disease may be different. We list some of them:
- Hereditary predisposition. In some cases, this factor plays the most important role.
- Exposure to ultraviolet radiation. Often the disease develops in people who are forced to stay in the sun for a long time, or, for example, often visit a solarium.
- Exposure of certain chemicals to the skin, such as resins, sand, oil, tar, petroleum products, and some chemical compounds.
- The impetus for the development of such a disease can serve as a weakening of the immune system.
- Keratosis sometimes develops after some postponed or existing diseases (for example, infectious).
- Age changes. Often the disease develops in older people older than 50-60 years.
What to do?
What should be the treatment of skin keratosis? This should be determined by a dermatologist who, first of all, establishes an accurate diagnosis after an examination. If the disease does not bother you and does not cause discomfort, then just watch for its course. If the affected area began to grow, itch or itch, or simply spoil your appearance, you can begin treatment. We list its main points.
Diet and preparations
To improve the condition of the skin, a diet is prescribed. Especially important are products containing vitamins E, A, B, such as vegetables, greens, cereals, sea fish (preferably fatty), as well as various vegetable oils (sea-buckthorn, olive, and others). From acute, fatty, sweet, floury and fried it is better to refuse.
Acceptance of some special preparations is not required, but vitamin complexes based on vitamin A (for example, Aevit), group B, or ascorbic acid may be prescribed.
Use of local funds
A dermatologist may recommend using various ointments, creams and gels, taking into account the type of disease and the extent of skin lesions. So, can be used emollients and moisturizers, creams based on sodium chloride, products containing retinoids, vitamin A. Salicylic and sulfur-salicylic ointments are also effective.
Treatments and care
When keratosis requires special care for the skin. First, avoid exposure to direct sunlight. Secondly, mechanical effects (friction, carding, constant contact with coarse tissues, etc.) are contraindicated. Thirdly, personal hygiene is important.It is necessary to bathe or take a shower regularly, but at the same time only soft preparations should be used, preferably on a natural basis.
As for the procedures, in some cases, ultraviolet irradiation helps (doses are selected individually) or phototherapy. Mud, soda or salt baths also sometimes help.
If the lesion is large, then it can be easily removed. This can be done in several ways:
- Dermabrasion. The surface is polished using a special apparatus, as a result of which the cornified layer is removed.
- Cryotherapy, that is, freezing. The site is treated with liquid nitrogen, and as a result of its impact on the skin, epidermal cells die and disintegrate.
- Chemical removal. The zone is treated with special chemical (often acidic) compounds that literally corrode the stratum corneum of the epidermis and remove it.
- Also laser is used for removal.
- Applied and radio wave therapy (the so-called radiohead).
You can use some folk remedies, for example, soda compresses, tar soap, decoctions of herbs (burdock, chamomile and others), lotion from grated raw potatoes, broth of onion peel, aloe juice and some others.
Let such a disease not affect you and your loved ones. Health to you!
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