How to identify and treat thyrotoxicosis?
Thyroid gland - though very small, but incredibly important organ, on the normal operation of which depends the functioning of almost the entire human body. Shchitovidka (as they call it all) produces a special hormone - thyroxine.
And if this hormone for some reason begins to be produced by the gland in an increased amount, then there is thyrotoxicosis. And what is it? How to fix this problem?
What it is?
As already noted, the thyroid gland produces a special hormone - thyroxine. But for some reason, the development of this hormone may increase, which will lead to the development of a condition such as thyrotoxicosis. It is dangerous not only for the thyroid gland, but for the entire endocrine system as a whole.
And since this system regulates the work of many organs, and also controls the metabolism, unnoticed thyrotoxicosis can not remain. It will affect the entire human body.
Why can this happen?
This condition does not arise by itself, development is provoked by certain factors.
We list the possible causes of thyrotoxicosis:
- Stress. As you know, all diseases from nerves. And thyrotoxicosis is no exception. With the constant effect of stress, the level of thyroxin can change dramatically, leading to the development of the disease described.
- An important role is played by the hereditary factor, it has long been proven by scientists. So if such a diagnosis has already been made to someone from relatives, then others can also make it.
- Infectious diseases can, under certain circumstances, damage the tissues of the thyroid gland, due to which the organ can start to work incorrectly. And then the cells responsible for the production of thyroxin will compensate for its deficiency.
- Hormonal disorders and abnormalities. The hormonal system is designed in such a way that when there is a lack of some hormones (for example, progesterone, estrogen and others), it tries to compensate for this deficiency and begins to intensively produce other hormones. Hormonal imbalance may be due to uncontrolled hormonal use or, for example, pregnancy.
- Impairment of the immune system.In some cases, antibodies affect the functioning of the pituitary gland, which is why it starts to produce an increased amount of thyroid stimulating hormone. And this hormone, in turn, leads to increased production of thyroxin.
- Medication. For example, drugs that contain thyroid hormones can have a particularly pronounced effect (especially if they are taken by the control).
- As you know, the thyroid gland needs iodine. But if it enters the body a lot (for example, with fumes or with chemicals), then it will be absorbed by the cells of this organ, because of which they will actively and intensively produce thyroxin.
Thyrotoxicosis symptoms of the thyroid gland begin to manifest only when the level of thyroxin is already so high that this hormone begins to affect all systems of the body. In the early stages of this disease, it can be very difficult to notice.
Here are some signs of thyrotoxicosis:
- Increased sweating. It is noteworthy that it will in no way depend on the external environmental conditions. That is, a person can sweat even in the cold.
- Changes in body weight. With this disease, people often lose weight, and such losses can be severe. Therefore, if suddenly you lose weight in a normal way of life and the usual diet, consult a doctor.
- Thyroxins contribute to an increase in human body temperature, so that it will be slightly elevated in a patient. This can manifest itself in the sensation of heat in the limbs and in all parts of the body.
- Limbs can tremble for no apparent reason.
- The patient will quickly tire even after minor physical or mental exertion. There will be constant fatigue, weakness.
- Heartbeat is often rapid (it is not associated with diseases of the cardiovascular system), which can greatly disturb the patient.
- The mood changes quickly.
- Increased nervous excitability.
- Memory can be disturbed, it will be difficult to remember something.
- Attention is often scattered, so it is difficult for the patient to concentrate on anything.
- The chair may become unstable. Diarrhea is due to the fact that the body with water will try to remove the excess thyroid hormones.
- Since a large amount of thyroxin can suppress the production of male hormones, men with this disease may experience a decrease in sexual desire.
- Women with this condition often have irregularities in the menstrual cycle. There are delays, sometimes menstruation is completely absent (this is called amenorrhea).
- Thyrotoxicosis may manifest itself in appearance: the neck often increases (a so-called goiter appears), the eyes may bulge slightly (as if coming out of orbits).
This is how thyrotoxicosis occurs.
To identify the disease, you need to conduct a blood test to determine the level of thyroid hormones. In addition, an ultrasound examination of this organ will be conducted. In some cases, doctors prescribe magnetic resonance imaging.
Thyrotoxicosis during pregnancy
Thyroxin affects the production of female hormones, as well as the main pregnancy hormone (hCG). So conception with such a disease becomes almost impossible. But even if it happens, it will be difficult to bear and give birth, since the tone of the uterus may increase under the influence of thyroxin.
In addition, thyrotoxicosis during pregnancy can provoke serious fetal malformations in the fetus. So it is better to first fix the problem, then think about the children.
How to treat?
How is thyrotoxicosis treated? There are two options:
- The conservative method involves taking certain drugs. For example, a doctor can prescribe radioactive iodine. How does he act? Such drugs contain a special iodine, which accumulates in the cells of the thyroid gland and provokes their death (they are replaced by a connective tissue). But it is important to do everything under the supervision of a physician, since hypothyroidism can develop (insufficient hormone production). Thyrostatics that inhibit thyroxin production can also be used. Drugs of this group can also be used only for the intended purpose and under the strict supervision of a doctor!
- If a tumor of the thyroid gland is detected or when it is significantly increased in size, surgical intervention is shown in which part of the organ will be removed. In some cases, complete removal of the entire thyroid gland is indicated.
- Folk remedies are practically not used,because the disease is serious and dangerous. No plant, no product can significantly reduce the production of thyroxin.
To avoid such a problem as thyrotoxicosis, follow these simple rules:
- Watch out for food. It must be useful, correct and balanced.
- Keep an active and healthy lifestyle: harden, exercise, strengthen the immune system.
- Watch your health, in case of any even minor problems, contact your doctor. Treat all diseases!
Health to you!
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