Dogs in fiction
Dogs in fiction held a special place. Often, our ancestors endowed dogs and wild animals with human qualities, thoughts, feelings, actions. Therefore, in legends and fairy tales, animals speak and even discuss human actions.
Dogs in fiction and the humanization of animal behavior are reflected in the work of Jonathan Swift “Gulliver's Travels”, Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra in the novel “A Conversation of Two Dogs” and others.
Since time immemorial, there has been a statement about the ability of some people to understand the language of animals and talk to them. These legends were reflected in the books of Konrad Lorenz “The Ring of King Solomon”, Joseph Rudyard Kipling “Mowgli”, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow “Song of Haviwat”.
Great connoisseurs of behavior of various animals are considered Indians. This ability of the natives of America is displayed in novels, novels, stories of Jack London, Fenimore Cooper and others.
A.S. Pushkin and I.A.Krylov often endowed animals with the ability to speak human language.
The humanization of animal behavior is also reflected in works based on oral folk art. Elias Lenroth, the collector of the epic runes of the Karelian-Finnish people, in Kalevala gives many examples when birds and fish give people good advice; the hare tells the sad news, the main character of Kale-shafts, Ilmarinen, orders the snakes to crawl away from the field, which he must plow. Snakes understand the order and obey his will.
Anthropomorphic ideas about the behavior of animals, formulated by folk art in myths, legends, proverbs and sayings are reflected in the writings of scientists of the ancient world.
Pliny the Elder in "Natural History", for example, describing the behavior of animals, reports that dogs are independently treated by eating various medicinal herbs and plant roots. Knowledge of Pliny the Elder became widely known. They were often mentioned in various writings describing the behavior of animals. Thus, in the Natural History Store, the biological encyclopedia of that time, it is reported: “When a dog feels pain in itself, it eats sheets of some grass that produces vomiting and restores its health.”
L.N.Tolstoy reflected this statement in Stories about Animals. He's writing:
“Hunters say that when a drain is made with a clever dog (a dog gets sick), it runs away into fields or forests and there it searches for the grass it needs, falls out over the dews and is treated itself ...
Anthropomorphism of animal behavior is also pronounced by the biologist George Louis Leclerc de Buffon in his work Natural History.
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