Charming satin stitching: stitches and highlights

Posted by: Vdokhnoveniy

Every person has his own hobby. The occupation, which is able to relax, to distract from everyday affairs, from various thoughts and just give yourself a rest. Today I would like to draw your attention to a beautiful type of needlework, like embroidery for a beginning needlewoman. Embroidery on the surface is creativity and one of the wonderful activities when you feel joy and you see the result of the creation of your hands when, after the completion of the next project, the butterfly sitting on the flower will fly out, and maybe a beautiful bird (as in the first photo). And, finally, experience pride in yourself and your creations!

Embroidery technique smooth at all times helped to bring a touch of sophistication in the house - extraordinary home textiles, original interior items, toys for young children, clothes, underwear and many other things that will decorate any room. Embroidery satin when finishing clothes will be a unique individual highlight in the wardrobe of any woman.

There are many types of embroidery in satin, but we will consider the most necessary types of stitches for a beginning needlewoman to try her hand at this undoubtedly interesting embroidery technique.

In order to begin this fascinating process of creating the next masterpiece, you will need the following items: embroidery frame, canvas, drawn drawing of the future project on canvas, floss, scissors and so on.

StitchingThis is the earliest technique. It was used in ancient times in the east. Therefore, another name for this technique is Damascus embroidery - a series of flat stitches, with which the free contour of the pattern is completely filled, which is applied to the canvas, the fabric and fastened to the embroidery frame for further embroidery.

Sketches of drawings for color art surface, as a rule, black and white. This is done so that the embroideress can choose the color palette to her own taste. In this technique, various types of seams and techniques are used.

Consider the basic techniques of embroidery satin stitch.

Types of seams:

1. Stalked suture -consists of stitches, partially overlapping each other, and looks like a string.In plant designs, they most often embroider stems or individual lines, and also sheathe the contours of the patterns. The seam is convenient to perform from the bottom up or from left to right. The needle with the working thread is directed backwards, as when sewing the “back needle” seam, but it comes out on the front side of the fabric approximately in the middle of the last stitch, while the thread always lies on one side of the already embroidered stitches either on the left or on the right. The reverse side of the stalked seam coincides with the “back needle” seam.

2. Loop stitch- it is carried out in the direction from left to right needle movement from above. The thread is brought to the front side at the lower point of the seam, then the needle is stitched from top to bottom, while the thread remains under the needle and the working thread is tightened until a loop is formed. Stitches can be positioned very tightly or at some distance from each other. When covering the edge, in order to achieve its greater relief and durability, the flooring is pre-laid under it. Stitches can be of various lengths. Loop stitch can embroider individual small elements, such as leaves or flowers.

3. Seam "narrow satin roller"It is performed in 2 steps: the first stage - with a seam “forward needle” from right to left is marked the line of smooth-platen roller (straight or curvilinear), the second stage - small and frequent vertical or inclined stitches of the same length are laid in the direction from left to right. Such a seam is used for embroidering thin lines of the pattern, as well as for finishing the edges of the contour product, as well as for giving volume.

4. Seam "chain" - chain stitch.This is a deaf one-sided seam, it consists of a series of loops that go out of one another and, on the front side, resembles a crocheted chain. It is sewn from top to bottom, right to left and along the contour of the pattern. The sequence of the seam: the thread is brought to the front side at the first point and take it down, holding the thumb of the left hand. Then, from the second point to the third point, by moving the needle from top to bottom, make a stitch and tighten the thread, forming the first loop. Subsequent loops are performed in the same way, thus forming a seam “chain”. They can embroider both straight contours and curvilinear ones.

5. Smooth glaze -Used to fill large areas of the pattern.Consists of long stitches and one or more short cross-stitching long stitches to the fabric. Long stitch is best done only on the front side. You can also fill the entire area of ​​the pattern with long stitches first, and then short transverse or slanting stitches should be laid on top of them.

6. Smoothing with flooring -It is carried out on previously laid flooring, made with thicker threads, thanks to which embroidery turns out to be more convex, relief. The sequence of the convex smooth surface is as follows: the outlines of the pattern are sewed with a “forward needle” seam, then the floor is laid in one or two (for greater convexity) layers, and then embroidery is performed in the opposite direction to the flooring. Patterns with a wavy line of contours embroider an oblique satin. In this case, you must make sure that the stitches of the smooth surface fit exactly along the contour and fit tightly to each other. In the relief surface, so-called pyshechka balls are often used as elements. The thread is brought to the front side, 2-3 turns of the thread are made with the left hand, and the needle is pulled out to the needle on the wrong side near the first puncture.In this case, the thread on the needle must be held with the finger of your left hand until a tight knot is formed on the fabric.

7. Flat surface -is bilateral used in plant ornaments for embroidering wide and narrow patterns. The needle from the seamy side runs across the entire width of the pattern, the stitches fit tightly against each other fig. The direction of the stitches can be straight and oblique. Performed without flooring. In large details, the stitches of the surface are arranged in the form of a pattern: in the leaves - from the edge to the middle, in the direction of the veining, in the petals of flowers - from the edge to the center.

8. Shadow surface - eThis smooth surface is made along the free contour with threads of different colors. At the same time there is no clear border between colors, and the transition from one tone of thread to another is achieved with the help of stitches of different lengths entering one another. This technique achieves the so-called shadow effect. The sequence of the shadow surface. They translate the pattern onto the fabric and apply conditional division according to the tones of the threads. For this pencil draw curved lines that serve as the boundary of the transition from one color to another. Moreover, you need to stick a needle not exactly along these lines, but above and below.Apply the stitches tightly one to the other, and arrange them in a direction that depends on the pattern. So, if this flower petal is in the direction of the center of the flower, if the leaf, then in the direction of the central vein and so on. Therefore for simplicity of work, it is possible to put on a fabric dashed lines in a pencil which specify direction of stitches.

The sequence of the flower petal

The petal is divided into 3-4 parts and begin embroidery from the middle of the upper part. After finishing the right half, a needle and thread is passed along the petal from the front side to the left edge of the petal and embroidery is performed on the left half. When the embroidery of the upper part of the petal is finished, the thread is cut and, in the same way, from the middle they start to embroider the second part of the petal with a thread of a different color. To the second tone of the thread entered the first gradually, it is performed, then lengthening, then shortening the stitches (stitches of the second part are placed between the stitches of the first part). After completing the right half, the needle is transferred to the beginning of the left half and similarly perform it. The rest of the parts do the same. The transition of colors in the petal - from the lighter (uppermost) to darker (lowermost).

The sequence of the leaf having a vein in the middle

Embroider a leaf with an oblique satin stitch, placing the stitches in the direction of the vein. Perform first the right, then the left half of the leaf. Beforehand, each half of a leaf should be divided into 2-4 parts (according to the number of colors). Begin the embroidery from the outermost (lightest) part from top to bottom. The stitches are shorter at the edges, longer to the center of the leaf. The second and third parts are also embroidered from top to bottom, only the color of the threads is taken darker. The second (left) half of the leaf is embroidered similarly, only in the direction from the bottom up and from the central (darker) part to the outer (lighter) part.

Knowing these elements of the satin stitch technique, you can safely begin a project to start a small embroidery pattern.

There are also other methods of embroidery satin stitch: a back stitch needle, a twisted knot, a French knot, a Vladimir seam-edged stitch, a slotted stitch, a satin stitch and so on.

To master the technique will need a lot of patience, as in any other business that requires labor, imagination, inspiration and accuracy. Embroidery satin stitch for beginners, can be reproduced on various fabrics. If you decide to learn this complex and equally exciting business, you will not regret it, because you can decorate any fabric with your own hands.

On the Internet, I met very interesting ideas for inspiration embroidery, which I present to your attention.

Chinese satin painting

On transparent silk embroider silk threads paintings that are able to hit any imagination. Such masterpieces of art in the country of the rising sun are among the most expensive.

Embroidery satin to this day is one of the most beloved and sought-after types of needlework, it remains popular because it is used to turn simple things into ultrafashionable ones.

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