All types of linoleum and their characteristics
Linoleum is the most affordable and optimal finishing material for flooring. There are many different coatings, both inexpensive and practical, but this particular representative holds the leading position not only in our country. And first of all, this is due to the diversity of species, affordable cost, ease of installation, durability and ease of maintenance. However, before you buy linoleum, let's look at all the nuances.
Types of linoleum
The whole variety of types of linoleum can be divided into several groups, depending on the material from which it is made.
PVC linoleumis a laminated material with a base of polyvinyl chloride with an additional layer of fiberglass, decorative and protective layer. Manufacturing technology allows you to reproduce a variety of colors and colors and simulate any natural materials.This coating can also be divided into three subgroups: baseless, foamed or warm.
- Pros:The price of linoleum, anti-static, easy installation, moisture resistance, low thermal conductivity.
- Cons:low elasticity, low chemical resistance.
Natural linoleumfrom jute base impregnated with resin of coniferous wood, linseed oil and with the addition of crushed cork wood, lime and dyes.
- Pros:anti-allergenic and bactericidal due to extremely natural ingredients, wear and color-resistant, non-flammable.
- Cons:price, afraid of excessive moisture, not very elastic.
Colloxylin linoleumis a single-layer material made by impregnating a base of cellulose with plasticizers and dyes, with the addition of various fillers.
- Pros:is moisture-proof, elastic, not subject to the influence of low temperatures.
- Cons:low chemical resistance.
Glyphthalic linoleumis a single-layer material made by impregnating a special fabric base with alkyd resins.
- Pros:improved sound insulation, low thermal conductivity
- Cons:not very elastic.
Relinis a two-layer floor material made of rubber (lower layer) and natural rubber (upper layer).
- Pros:anti-slip, elastic.
- Cons:toxic, high thermal conductivity, low chemical resistance.
The price of linoleum depends not only on the type of linoleum, but also on its scope. In turn, the flooring is divided into three classes: household, semi-commercial and commercial. This graduation determines the average service life, which directly depends on the thickness of the protective layer.
Also, the price of linoleum is affected by labeling. It consists of two numbers. The first of which determines the category of the room. 1 - bedrooms and recreation areas; 2 - living rooms; 3 - office space; 4 - production area. The second is the increase in load intensity (patency), respectively, from 1 to 4.
Based on all of the above, it should be concluded that before you buy linoleum, you need to decide on the type of coating, the presence or absence of a base, the purpose of the room where it will be covered and the intensity of the terrain.Next, picking up a good design and putting it right, you will enjoy the correctness of your choice, and linoleum will delight you with its durability.
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